Those with life threatening illness must be seen immediately as EMERGENCIES, Those who are less sick must be seen next and are PRIORITIES
Those who are non-urgent cases can wait their turn in the QUEUE.
The ABCCCD concept is used to identify emergencies. This is a logical and quick way of identifying how sick a child is; it does not take the place of a thorough examination to make a diagnosis but is a screening tool to identify problems that require immediate attention.Emergencies are sent straight to the best place for resuscitation
For triage we need to know;
When emergencies have been excluded, signs and symptoms for priority are looked for. Priority signs can be remembered with the letters 3TPR, MOB. Remember that all infants less than 2 months of age are priorities. This is because infants can deteriorate rapidly; they are difficult to assess without a thorough examination; and to prevent them remaining in a queue exposed to infections from other children.Priorities are sent to the front of the queue to be seen quickly.
PRIORITY SIGNS are:
|Tiny (less than 2 month of age)
Temperature (high temperature as judged by your hand)
|Respiratory distress (not life threatening)